ILO Staff

THE DRASTIC EFFECTS OF CORONAVIRUS ON LEGAL DOMAIN

The effect of coronavirus has undoubtedly become globally predominant in international commercial domain and this note seeks to examine the consequences of this new phenomenon on legal sector particularly in terms of contract law.

It is undeniable that one of the fundamental element of each contract is parties’ obligations so the question may arise that under covid-19 situation, how the contractual obligations will be performed by the parties.

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Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)

When dealing with sports law in international arena, one of the main issues to consider is the method of settlement of the disputes in this field. In a country where sports and precisely football is very dear to the hearts of the majority of the population, we need to better understand the mechanism and regulations of the dispute settlement body called Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) which is an independent institution facilitating the resolution of disputes involving sporting organizations and their individual members through mediation and binding arbitration.

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A Glance on the Law of Foreign Investment in the Stock Exchange and OTC Markets of Iran

Investing in the Exchange and Over-the-Counter (OTC) markets of Iran, is not merely confined to Iranian nationals. As the matter of fact, “Foreigners” whether individuals or legal entities may also enter such markets in accordance with the applicable relevant laws and regulations inter alia “The By-Law on the Foreign Investment in the Exchanges and OTC Markets” approved by the Council of Ministers on April 18th, 2010 (hereinafter “the By-Law”).

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The Latest Developments on INSTEX

The Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX) is a European special-purpose vehicle (SPV) established in January 2019. Its mission is to facilitate non-USD transactions and non-SWIFT to avoid breaking U.S. sanctions. It was particularly established in order facilitate trade exchange with Iran following recent US sanctions and to encourage Iran to remain committed to its commitments under JCPOA. It was introduced on January 31 by France, Germany and Britain, the three countries party to the 2015 nuclear deal.

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Accession of Iran to the World Trade Organization (“WTO”)

In recent decades, while the globalization theory tends to potentially enlarge the universal jurisdictions to assist the facilitation of the cross-border interactions among different countries and nations, the question remains why some major international organizations such as WTO have put several restrictions in practice for membership of developing countries such as Iran.

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Palermo Convention: To access or not to access, that is the question!

If you have been following the news lately, you have most probably noticed the buzz around Iran accession to UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, also known as Palermo Convention which is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crimes, trafficking of human beings, and terrorism.

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Annulment of Arbitral Awards in Iran

Arbitration is an established institution in Iran. Iran has already accessed to the “New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards” on October 15, 2001 and arbitral awards (both international and domestic) are regularly being enforced by the Iranian Judicial System. However, like all legal systems, there might be situations where the courts can set aside or annul an arbitral award.

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EMPLOYEES MENTAL HEALTH IN THE WORKPLACE

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Mental health is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to her or his community.”

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CODE SHARE AGREEMENT IN AVIATION

Code share agreement is a provision where two or more airlines are allowed to share the same flight in which a seat can be bought by passenger on a flight which is functioned by another airline subject to different flight number. In general, the majority of airlines have one or further Code share agreements with other airlines. There is no doubt that Code share has a crucial role in international sphere as it certainly aims to meet the customers’ needs which advantages for both costumers and airliners are undeniable as it enables airline to enlarge its cooperation with other airlines and suggest the various flight timings for customers without bearing any further expenses.

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